Volcanoes have long been a source of myths and legend. To ancient cultures, volcanoes power could only be explained as acts of gods. We now know that volcanoes are in fact the result of the tectonic movements of the Earth’s crust. But although we understand their inner workings they still represent a force of nature that can be intimidating and bewildering. Here are the 7 most amazing volcanoes in the world:
Kilauea is the most recent of a series of volcanoes that have created the Hawaiian Archipelago. It is a very low, flat shield volcano, vastly different in profile from the high, sharply sloping peaks of stratovolcanoes. Kilauea is one of the most active volcano on the Earth, an invaluable resource for volcanologists. Thirty-three eruptions have taken place since 1952, not including the current eruption which started on January 3, 1983 and is still ongoing.
2. Krakatoa (Indonesia):
One of the most active volcanoes in Indonesia, Karakatoa is part of the Ujung Kulon national park. Its 1883 eruption was one of the most violent in the Volcanic history, destroying an entire island and forming new ones. Around 35,000 people were killed in the explosion and subsequent Tsunami. The new island, formed in 1930, is called Anak Krakatau (Child of Krakatoa). It is a popular tourist attraction. Boat trips and fishing in the lagoons are favored activities.
The Krakatoa (Gunung Krakatau) is a volcanic island. The mount Krakatoa erupted in August 26-27 in 1883. It was among the most violent volcanic events in modern and recorded history. The power of the eruption was equivalent to 200 megatons of TNT, which is about 13,000 times the nuclear yield of the atomic bomb that devastated Hiroshima.
4. Mount Etna – Sicily (Italy):
Mount Etna was escribed as Europe’s tallest and most popular volcano, Mount Etna is still active and spewing ash, fire and lava. Take the adventure tour to the lava-laden waterfall, or climb Mount Etna itself.
5.Arenal Volcano (Costa Rica):
One of the youngest active volcano of the world Volcán Arenal is located 56 miles from San Jose. This volcano offers breathtaking views from the far outside. Tabacon which was a small town near this volcano was destroyed in 1968’s eruption.
6. Popocatepetl Volcano (Mexico):
Also known as El Popo, Popocatepetl Volcano is one of the most active volcanoes in Mexico. Its name in Nahuatl translates to Smoking Mountain. It has periodic eruptions, with the most recent in 2013. The volcano is part of a national park that houses the sixteenth-century monasteries built by the Spanish monks on the slopes of the volcano. The volcano and the national park are now listed among UNESCO’s World Heritage Sites.
7. Mount Lokon (Indonesia):
Mount Lokon in Tomohon, North Sulawesi, released its most powerful eruption as it spewed hot ash and smoke more than 3,000 meters into the air, prompting alarmed villagers near the volcano to rush back to emergency shelters.
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