If you are traveling to Egypt, here’s a list of ancient Egyptian sites you should not miss. There are many well preserved temples, tombs, pyramids and monuments in Egypt. Egyptians believed that they could communicate with the souls of deities through cult statues that were in the temples. Egyptian temples were not public places of worship like churches and mosques. They were private sanctuaries. So, Here is a wonderful list of 10 most impressive ancient Egyptian temples you should not miss:
1. Philae Temples:
The Temple of Philae is renowned for its popular goddess and beautiful location i.e. on an island in the middle of Lake Nasser. The oldest remains of Philae Temple at Philae are around 400 BC. The largest and most important temple of Philae is temple of Isis, which is oriented from south to north. The Temple of Philae is dedicated to goddess, Isis and goddess of motherhood. Construction of this temple is continued over a period of three centuries by the Roman rulers and Greek Ptolemaic dynasty.
2. Temple of Kom Ombo:
Arranged on a high hill neglecting the Nile, The Temple of Kom Ombo is a bizarre twofold sanctuary worked amid the Ptolemaic line. The genuine sanctuary was begun by Ptolemy VI Philometor in the early second century BC. The Temple of Kom Ombo is really two sanctuaries and everything is copied along the principle pivot. There are two doorways, two courts, two colonades, two hypostyle corridors and two havens.
3. Hatshepsut’s Temple:
Hatshepsut’s Temple was built in 1480 B.C. by Queen Hatshepsut, arguably the most powerful female ruler of ancient Egypt. Dedicated to Amun and several other deities and reached by a long ramp, it is comprised of three terraces of colonnades, connected by massive ramps, and a small chamber tunneled deep into the rock. The last set of colonnades is set into the face of a towering red sandstone cliff on the eastern face of a Thebean mountain.
4. Temple of Edfu:
The Temple of Edfu, committed to the bird of prey god Horus, is the second biggest Egyptian sanctuary after Karnak and one of the best protected. The development of this sanctuary started in 237 BC amid the rule of Ptolemy III, and finished just about two centuries later in 57 BC by Ptolemy XII, the father of the well known Cleopatra.
5. Luxor Temple:
The Luxor Temple is one of the oldest and most beautiful ancient Egyptian temples founded during the New Kingdom and is dedicated to three Egyptian Gods Mut, Chons and Amun. The Temple of Luxor founded in 1400 BC and built by Amenhotep II and but completed by Tutankhamun and Horemheb. After completion of Luxor Temple, development of temple complex continued by other Pharaohs like Ramsses II. This temple is located on east bank of river Nile in the town of Luxor (Thebes) and it is the center of festival of Opet, Theves ancient Egypt’s most important festival.
6. Esna – Temple of Khnum:
The Mortuary Temple of Ramses III in Medinet Habu (second Pharaoh of 20th century) is a huge complex second to Karnak temple in size. It is around 3000 years old structure that looks like four years old creature with fairly advanced architecture design skills.
7. Temple of Karnak:
The Temple of Karnak really comprises of three fundamental Egyptian sanctuaries, littler encased sanctuaries, and a few external sanctuaries situated around 2.5 kilometers north of Luxor. It took centuries to fabricate and upgrade the monstrous Karnak Temple. Be that as it may, a large portion of the work on Karnak was finished by the pharaohs of the New Kingdom (1570-1100 BC). One of most celebrated structures of Karnak is the Hypostyle Hall, a lobby range of 5,000 m2 (50,000 sq ft) with 134 huge segments organized in 16 columns.
8. Colossi of Memnon:
Colossi of Memnon are two massive stone statues depicting Pharaoh Amenhotep III (the 9th Pharaoh of 18th dynasty) in seated position. This temple was built around 1350 BC located on the west bank of Luxor. After an earthquake damaged it, these statues emitted strange sound in the morning, perhaps due to humidity of night and heat of sun. This temple is now completely destroyed by flood and cannibalized for its stone. Technically it is thought that only the northern statue i.e. right one should be called the Colossi of Memnon.
9. Temple of Dendera:
The Dendera complex houses one of the best preserved Ancient Egyptian temples, the Temple of Hathor. Hathor was the goddess of love, motherhood and joy, commonly depicted in the form of a cow with a sun disc. The Temple of Hathor dates back to the Ptolemaic dynasty, it was built between 30 BC and 14 AD, but it is thought that the foundations may have been laid down as far back as the 4th dynasty. It’s a huge complex, covering more than 40,000 square meters.
10. Mortuary Temple of Seti I:
The Temple of Seti I is one of the famous ancient Egyptian temples that was constructed toward the end of resign of Seti. This Mortuary temple is dedicated to Amun-Re and the cult of Rameses I. Rameses II continues the construction and decoration of this temple after death of Seti’s. This Mortuary temple of Seti I is memorial temple of New Kingdom Pharaoh Seti located on west bank of Nile in Abydos, on the border between the valley and the dessert. This temple was constructed by Seti I and named this temple as “Glorious Seti in The West of Thebes”.
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